With the advent of desk jobs, television, and contraptions like remote controls, lawn mowers, and many more, the 21st century included countless individuals with sedentary lifestyles. Studies show that in America alone, there are about six out of ten adults with inactive or under-active lifestyles. This is probably the reason why there is a growing number of overweight and obese individuals. These individuals might be prone to health risks like cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, certain cancers and diabetes, and coronary heart disease. It is shown that any significant weight loss may improve one's health and may prevent the occurrence of these ailments. Exercise and nutritious diets are safe and effective ways to lose weight and improve overall health. In addition to weight-loss, exercise itself can bring beneficial effects on cholesterol levels even without accompanying weight-loss. This is according to a study conducted by Duke University Medical Center. In this study, the participants did the caloric equivalent of brisk walking or jogging for 12 to 20 miles a week, doing them either in moderation or vigorously. The study suggested that in terms of cholesterol levels, the amount of exercise and not the intensity of exercise made significant health benefits. A healthier heart can be achieved through exercising because this activity is vital to overall health of the blood vessels and the heart. With regular exercise, the heart will be able to pump sufficient blood and deliver additional oxygen with increased efficiency. Individuals who are not losing weight despite frequent exercise should not be discouraged because exercising itself can be beneficial. Even if people don't lose weight, physical activities may help them live longer. Physical activity or exercise may not only improve one's physical well-being but also their mental state. Many medical studies point out that exercise, especially aerobic exercise (jogging, brisk walking, and jumping rope) as one of the best treatment for stress and anxiety. This is possible because of the production of endogenous morphines or endorphins. These are substances that is produced by the brain that might work as the body's natural pain-killers. It said that endorphins might be capable of elevating one's mood, self-esteem, and mental functioning. Partaking in moderate or vigorous physical activities may promote the production of endorphins. Exercise should be done properly and in moderation to achieve health improvements. Individuals who want to improve their health don't have to train like marathoners or even join a gym. Strength training (push-ups, pull-ups, etc) coupled with 30 minutes of jogging or brisk walking can keep your body toned and improve metabolism. These regimens can be done with little or no equipment at all. Many health experts claim that the key to improved health is not intensity or using sophisticated equipments but continuous physical activity. Exercising properly can make people feel better, have more energy, and become less prone to stress. Before partaking in physical activities and making adjustments in food regimens, individuals are encouraged to seek the advise of health experts. They may prepare a workout routines that are recommended for individuals based on their specific health conditions and fitness goals.
Medical Assistance (MA), or Medicaid, is a federal/state insurance program that pays for health and treatment services for children and adults with disabilities. Some of these services include such things as health screenings, therapies, behavioral support services, transportation, and home healthcare. Medical Assistance was authorized on July 1, 1969, under the Social Security Act, Title XIX, Grants to States for Medical Assistance Programs. It is funded partly by the states and partly by the federal government. The code of federal regulations, Title 42, The Public Health and Welfare, is another important source of law that states the federal regulations pertaining to medical assistance. Medical Assistance is a free program and anyone can apply for Medical Assistance, however, not everyone with disabilities is eligible for Medical Assistance benefits. Each state establishes its own eligibility standards, benefits package, provider requirements, payment rates, and program administration under broad federal guidelines. This paper will provide an overview of Medical Assistance eligibility requirements, services, and the rights of children that are Medical Assistance eligible, ages 3-21.In order to meet the federal MA qualifications, the child with disabilities must meet the U.S. citizen/alien requirements for MA, fit into one of the categories that MA establishes, and meet income and resource requirements (Pennsylvania Health Law Project, 2003). In order to be MA eligible in Pennsylvania, one must be a resident of the state or a covered immigrant (Pennsylvania Health Law Project, 2003). There are several categories within MA that cover persons with disabilities and they often have different requirements (Pennsylvania Health Law Project, 2003). Children with disabilities that are eligible for Social Security Income (SSI) are automatically eligible for MA.Children with disabilities that are categorized as severely disabled and are not on SSI are also eligible for MA, regardless of their parents income and assets and if their own personal income is less than the poverty level (in 2003 was $749/month). The Department of Welfare calls this category the loophole category (Pennsylvania Health Law Project, 2003). In this category, if a childs income exceeds the poverty level, the child is still possibly eligible for CHIP (Childrens Health Insurance Program) or may be eligible for a Waiver program if the child requires a higher level of care (Pennsylvania Health Law Project, 2003). Most children in Pennsylvania with severe physical, mental, or behavioral disabilities qualify for MA services (Education Law Center, n.d.).Although a child with disabilities may be receiving special education services and have a particular diagnosis, it does not mean that the child meets the disability standards for Medical Assistance (Parents Involved Network of Pennsylvania, n.d.). The eligibility standards for special education are different from the MA disability standards. However, a childs Evaluation Report (ER) can be an excellent source that documents factors that are considered in the Medical Assistance disability standard (Parents Involved Network of Pennsylvania, n.d.).Children with disabilities that qualify for MA receive what is called an ACCESS card, which they can utilize for the purchase of a variety of prevention and treatment services. Anything that is medically necessary must be provided and children that are eligible are entitled to these services. Except through a Waiver program, MA does not cover any educational or rehabilitation services. MA services are free and there are no co-pays or additional charges. If a family has private medical insurance, this must be used first for the child with disabilities (Education Law Center, n.d).Examples of behavioral health services covered by MA include residential treatment facilities, behavioral services (wrap-around services, therapeutic support staff), medication for behavioral problems, and partial hospitalization programs (Education Law Center, n.d.). Examples of health services that are covered by MA include nursing care at home or at school, therapies, communication devices, medical equipment, and personal care services for children who need assistance with self-care skills, such as eating or dressing (Education Law Center, n.d.). MA must also provide eligible children with any services that are necessary to meet the childs physical or behavioral needs during the day, such as a nurse, a specialized hearing aid, or a therapeutic support staff person. Many of these services, however, are also considered related services based on IDEA regulations, and school districts are responsible for listing these services on the childs IEP even if the services are being covered by MA (Education Law Center, n.d.).MA recipients have certain rights in Pennsylvania. The following list of rights is an excerpt from the Pennsylvania Law Projects website:1. The right to receive and file an application on the same day that you ask for it.2. The right to bring someone with you to help you with the MA application.3. The right to have an application completed by a friend, relative, or official of a hospital, agency, etc. if you are ill or physically or mentally unable to do so.4. The right to translation services and translated written material.5. The right to receive coverage beginning with the 3rd month before the application, if you qualify for retroactive MA.6. The right to have DPW quickly issue a MA card if you have an immediate need for medical services.7. The right to receive medically necessary treatment and services without discrimination based on national origin, race, color, sex, or disability.8. The right to free choice of MA enrolled health care providers unless you are enrolled in the Health Choices Program.9. The right to be treated with dignity and respect.10. If you are homeless, the right to apply for MA even if you have no address.11. The right to have the MA programs explained to you and to receive help in determining the best possible coverage for which you qualify.12. The right to prior notice of, and a fair hearing to contest, any decision by the MA agency or an MA HMO to deny, terminate, or reduce benefits.(Pennsylvania Law Project, n.d.)All decisions regarding the rejection of MA or the reduction or termination of MA must be provided to recipients in writing and with instructions on how to appeal. Recipients have 30 days to file appeals, but if the appeal is filed within 10 days of the date of termination or reduction notice, MA benefits must continue until there is an outcome to the appeal (Parents Involved Network of Pennsylvania, n.d).Medical Assistance provides valuable health and treatment services to children with disabilities in order to help them to make meaningful progress and to achieve greater independence. As educators, it is important that we provide families with resources about Medical Assistance so that they can pursue the potential benefits and services that the program provides.
If you're like most people who have a weight problem, you've been on every diet imaginable. Chances are, you've lost plenty of weight over the course of your lifetime. The problem is, you most likely gained back all of the weight you lost - and then some. Like many people, you were probably looking for a quick fix - that magic bullet that would cause instant weight loss and that would keep you slim for life.As you no doubt have realized, no such magic bullet exists. The key to successful "weight loss" is acknowledging that you need help, having the determination to learn new habits and adopt them for life, and finding the right tools to help you get the job done.DetoxingBecause the typical American diet is high in substances that act as poisons to our bodies - things like saturated fats, sugars, and food additives and chemicals - the first step in any successful weight loss program is detoxing. This detoxification process is a cleansing process that gets the harmful substances out of your body's blood stream and tissues. Such a cleansing process has the added benefit of weaning you off of the toxic substances you may have been consuming for years. It breaks the addiction to sugar, caffeine, and the insidious preservatives that are so much a part of the American diet.There are many cleansing system products available that can help you in the detoxing phase of your weight loss plan. It's important to find one that is natural and organic, and that does not contain some of the potentially harmful substances found in many over the counter products. Read the labels carefully, and choose one that has vitamins, enzymes, and ionic trace minerals.Jump Starting Weight LossWhile there's no magic bullet that will cause you to lose weight and keep it off, there are products available that will help jump-start your weight loss. Often in the form of meal replacement shakes, these products are helpful for three reasons. First, the best shakes are natural, and are chock full of organic whey protein, enzymes, vitamins and minerals. While you're reducing your caloric intake, these shakes can help speed up the fat burning process. Second, they're easy. Learning new dietary habits is fraught with the perils of temptation; having an easy-to-prepare shake makes it easier for you to keep temptation at bay. Third, it's heartening to see immediate results. If, for example, you were to lose ten pounds in ten days, you're more likely to continue on with your weight loss plan. The power of success can't be underestimated.Staying With the ProgramQuick weight loss may be emotionally satisfying, but remember that, in order to actually keep the weight off this time, you'll need to make a commitment to changing the habits that caused you to gain weight in the first place. A regular exercise plan, a support group, and a food diary are all helpful tools in staying with the program.Success for LifeFor many people, weight loss is the first step on the path to health, energy, and wellness. This natural healing journey can and should begin with a detoxing "cleansing system" that rids your body of its toxic build-up.
Very few people can claim that they are not afraid of real, live snakes. Unless one is a snake charmer, the sight of a snake can easily bring terror in the hearts of most people. While there are those who can even make a pet out of these venomous reptiles, many of us would still find it difficult to get near a tamed or caged serpent. There is nothing wrong with this fear. But when a mere mention or picture of a snake would send a grown-up man shrieking in hysteria, something could be terribly wrong. Such fear becomes a phobia, an intense but irrational fear of something that poses little or no actual danger. Ophidiophobia, or the fear of snakes, does not only refer to the fear of actual contact of live snakes, but also, even in the absence of actual live snakes, such as seeing them only in pictures, on t.v., or just a mere mention of snakes that may actually cause a full blown panic attack.While phobias may be irrational, they are real and serious disorders, which can be treated. People should not be ashamed why they experience such unusual fear and anxiety. People with phobias, especially adults, are always aware that their fear doesn't make any sense. Indeed, they recognize that the fear response is exaggerated. Yet, facing those fears is not an easy task for them.An adult with arachnophobia, or fear of spiders, may recognize that a spider in front of him is not poisonous but the feeling of aversion is something he can't help. This kind of people cannot go into their backyard for fear of spiders. In extreme cases, they may even think that crossing the streets isn't safe from spiders, thus, making their world smaller and smaller.Fear is a basic emotional response to a potential danger that is usually connected with pain and anxiety. We fear something because we sense an impending danger. And if the fear is valid, it helps us avoid the danger that is bound to happen. However, when fear is irrational, something that is excessive and unreasonable, then it becomes a phobia. The person suffering from it is living with fear and anxiety. When fear starts getting out of hand and begins to interfere with daily normal functions, it's about time that the phobia is addressed. Such fear is causing a level of impairment physically and psychologically.Many people think that phobias are formed by nature and nurture. Some people think that fear has a primal source. Others relate a negative or traumatic experience to the core of their phobia. While no one can exactly tell the origins of phobias, they are definitely a type of mental illness. Researchers are still at work to determine how much genetics and environment affect or influence the development of a mental illness.Another theory is that certain things trip wires in our brains. As we get older, most of us outgrow these fears. Some of us don't. And some of us apparently have extraordinarily sensitive fear alarms. Advances in research make it possible to override phobias with new learning, improved treatments, and effective therapies. The goal is not to disconnect the fear but to overcome it with new learning that overrides the underlying fear.
Regardless of whether one believes alcoholism and addictions are diseases or not (It is a shame we are still having this argument in the 21st century), they are real problems for millions of people and millions upon millions of families around the world all through the year. But holiday seasons and other times of personal tragedy and importance such as the death of a loved one, a divorce date, etc seem to spur the dependence as well as the craving for self medication and chemically induced euphoria.Having battled alcoholism and addictions most of my adult life (since Viet Nam), the care of those who have bottomed out and reached out are near and dear to my heart. Bill W, the founder of AA (alcoholics anonymous), understood that. Both of us, like millions of others the world over, have started over more than once, and along the way we have learned the painful truth of the Biblical teaching that no man lives unto himself.Friends of Bill W know that they cannot make it alone. Just like the group conscience keeps a church, a club, a school, indeed a society going, growing and maturing it keeps the Friends of Bill W on the path to a successful and rewarding life.The good thing is that everyday we live to see a new sunrise, we have the opportunity to start a new life and to help another enjoy a fresh beginning. That does not mean that all our baggage miraculously disappears. It does mean God has granted us new grace and mercy with which to handle our demons.It means that those who are walking the walk have a special responsibility to be there for those who still suffer...not that we don't. But, we who have been lucky enough and blessed enough to grasp the deliverance of a power greater than ourselves must take that healing way of life to suffering mankind. After all, we can only truly keep that which we freely give away.And, especially during this time of year there appears to be plenty of opportunity to reach out to and help our fellowman. During the end of the calendar year holidays more and more people fall off the wagon and need help getting back up. After all, we understand better than most that any excuse will do and that it matters little (if at all) how many times one falls, but how many times one can get back on his feet.So as we start a new year, any new year, we often find that the numbers in our recovery communities seem to have decreased. Actually what has happened is that the numbers needing our guidance have increased ... significantly. Perhaps the bodies showing up for mutual support have declined, but that simply means the need for outreach has increased.While others are making new years resolutions to lose weight, get a better job, go back to school, stop smoking or whatever; we should be making resolutions to make greater efforts to be there for those who still suffer, to reach out to those in pain, to find that member of our body who disappeared a week or two ago and then to be about that business today not tomorrow. Someone you love does not have a tomorrow short of your intervention.Perhaps just showing them the Life Story of Bill W will do the job. It will certainly reinforce your convictions and strengthen your commitment to make it to, make it through, and enjoy sobriety this time ... one day at a time.You can watch the Life Story of Bill W or download it to your computer to show at your group meetings or to help with intervention at http://remotehelpdesk1.com